5 Common Eye Conditions in Adults
It's important to be aware of the five eye conditions you may encounter. Each one has its own symptoms and, if left untreated, can lead to permanent damage.
Vision is essential for daily activities such as reading, driving, and working. Without good vision, we may have difficulty performing these tasks. Understanding our eye health and what we can do about different eye conditions is important.
What are the Five Eyes Conditions?
1. Refractive Errors:
Refractive errors are eye conditions where the light does not focus on the eye at the right location. There are different types of refractive errors, and they can all cause problems with sight. Some common refractive errors include myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. Each type of refractive error affects vision differently, but all three can lead to eyestrain, blurry vision, and difficulty reading. Seeing an eye doctor check for and correct the problem is important if you think you have a refractive error.
A cataract is a disorder in which the eye's lens becomes cloudy or opaque. This can cause reduced vision and, in severe cases, complete blindness. Cataracts are most common in older adults but can also occur in children and teenagers. They typically develop over time as a result of damage to the lens of the eye. The most common causes of cataracts are age-related changes (such as increasing pressure from over-the-counter medications or diseases) or injuries (including accidents).
3. Diabetic Retinopathy:
Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that typically affects people with diabetes, type 1 and type 2. It is a type of eye disease that can damage the blood vessels in your eyes. This can lead to vision problems and even blindness. Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot properly use sugar, leading to health problems like diabetes. High blood sugar levels cause diabetic retinopathy over time. Treatment for diabetic retinopathy depends on the severity of the damage and may include laser treatments, surgery, or medications.
Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions due to damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve sends visual information from your eyes to your brain. Glaucoma can damage the optic nerve in several ways, including by increasing pressure inside the eye. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to blindness.
5. Macular Degeneration:
Macular degeneration is a progressive eye disease that can damage the macula, the part of the retina responsible for central vision. As macular degeneration progresses, people may experience difficulty reading, seeing in bright light, and recognising faces. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for improving outcomes.
How can we know if we have any of these conditions?
It is important to have regular eye examinations annually to have eye health screenings that allow the eye care professional to advise on the changes and manage the conditions appropriately.
With Vision Direct Club, we have highly skilled mobile optometrists that can provide comprehensive eye examinations at your preferred location! You can find your prescription glasses, contact lenses, and lens solution through the mobile eye clinic.
We make getting your eye care solutions simple; your prescription will be available in your account after the visit with the mobile optometrists through the mobile eye clinic.