Age-related Macular Degeneration: What You Need To Know
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative eye disease that affects the macula, the central part of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision. As the name suggests, AMD is most commonly diagnosed in older adults, and it is the leading cause of blindness among people over the age of 60.
What Is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
There are two types of AMD: dry and wet. Dry AMD is the most common form, accounting for about 80-90% of all cases. It occurs when the cells of the macula gradually break down, leading to a gradual loss of central vision. Wet AMD is less common but is more severe and can lead to rapid vision loss. It occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow underneath the macula, leaking fluid and blood that can damage the retina.
What Are The Symptoms of Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
Symptoms of AMD include difficulty seeing fine details, such as reading or recognising faces, and a gradual loss of central vision. Some people may also notice straight lines appearing distorted or wavy.
What Causes Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
Several risk factors for AMD include age, smoking, family history, and a diet high in saturated fat. People who are at increased risk for AMD should have regular eye exams to detect the disease early.
What Are The Treatment Options for Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
Treatment options for AMD depend on the type and severity of the disease. There is currently no cure for dry AMD, but there are ways to slow its progression and help people maintain their vision. Wet AMD can be treated with injections or laser therapy to stop the growth of abnormal blood vessels and prevent further vision loss.
In addition to treatment, lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk of developing AMD. For example, quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and getting regular exercise can all help lower the risk of developing the disease.
Age-related macular degeneration is a condition that affects the macula (a part of the eye that helps you see fine details). Macular degeneration can progress over time, causing vision loss. However, several treatments can help improve your vision. Please remember to visit your doctor regularly to check your progress and ensure you receive the best possible care.
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